Saturday, February 20, 2016

Bad, bad cafe! (0xbaddcafe)

Debugging Solaris 10 boot I saw something interesting in an exception trace:

143368: Unaligned Memory Access (v=0034)
pc: 00000000f02421f8  npc: 00000000f02421fc
%g0-3: 0000000000000000 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 00000000edd00620
%g4-7: baddcafebaddcafe 0000000000002e7f 0000000000000000 00000000f0243de8 
%o0-3: 00000000018d46e0 0000000000000001 00000000ede8e7e1 0000000001213010

And indeed, this is not a random pattern. It's a helping hand from the great, wise Solaris engineers who cared to help the ancestors in finding problems with hardware and kernel modules:

#define  KMEM_UNINITIALIZED_PATTERN      0xbaddcafebaddcafeULL

Looking at the OpenSolaris sources and Solaris documentation, there are more such helping patterns:

Uninitialized Data: 0xbaddcafe
Redzone: 0xfeedface
Freed Buffer Checking: 0xdeadbeef

They are described in the "Detecting Memory Corruption" chapter of Solaris Modular Debugger Guide, but did actually appear long before mdb.

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